# Coordinates (coordinates)¶

## Introduction¶

ctapipe.coordinates contains coordinate frame definitions and coordinate transformation routines that are associated with the reconstruction of Cherenkov telescope events. It is built on astropy.coordinates, which internally use the ERFA coordinate transformation library, the open-source-licensed fork of the IAU SOFA system.

## Getting Started¶

The coordinate library defines a set of frames, which represent different coordinate reprentations. Coordinates should be described using an astropy.coordinates.SkyCoord in the appropriate frame.

The following special frames are defined for CTA:

they can be transformed to and from any other astropy.coordinates frame, like astropy.coordinates.AltAz or astropy.coordinates.ICRS (RA/Dec)

The two different coordinate frames are shown here:

"""
Plot the same event in two camera displays showing the
different coordinate frames for camera coordinates.
"""
from ctapipe.instrument import CameraGeometry
import matplotlib.pyplot as plt
from ctapipe.coordinates import EngineeringCameraFrame
from ctapipe.image.toymodel import Gaussian
import astropy.units as u

def main():
fig, axs = plt.subplots(1, 2, constrained_layout=True, figsize=(6, 3))

model = Gaussian(0 * u.m, 0.1 * u.m, 0.3 * u.m, 0.05 * u.m, 25 * u.deg)
cam = CameraGeometry.from_name("FlashCam")
image, *_ = model.generate_image(cam, 2500)

cam.transform_to(EngineeringCameraFrame()), ax=axs, image=image,
)

axs.set_title("CameraFrame")
axs.set_title("EngineeringCameraFrame")

plt.show()

if __name__ == "__main__":
main()


(png, hires.png, pdf) The CameraFrame is used internally in ctapipe and comes from sim_telarray. It abstracts the transformation differences between 1 and 2 mirror telescopes away. The EngineeringCameraFrame is used by MAGIC, FACT and the H.E.S.S. analysis software.

## Reference/API¶

### ctapipe.coordinates Package¶

Coordinates.

#### Functions¶

 project_to_ground(tilt_system) Project position in the tilted system onto the ground.

#### Classes¶

 TelescopeFrame(*args, **kwargs) Telescope coordinate frame. CameraFrame(*args[, copy, …]) Camera coordinate frame. EngineeringCameraFrame(*args[, copy, …]) Engineering camera coordinate frame. NominalFrame(*args, **kwargs) Nominal coordinate frame. GroundFrame(*args[, copy, …]) Ground coordinate frame. TiltedGroundFrame(*args[, copy, …]) Tilted ground coordinate frame. MissingFrameAttributeWarning